Although making pig feed pellets can be expensive, the benefits far outweigh the costs. One of the benefits of making pig feed pellets is that it makes handling pig feed easier and, of course, reduces waste. Similarly, pig feed pellets greatly improved the digestibility of nutrients. The reason is that the heat involved in making pig feed pellets can break up the bonds of carbohydrates, making them easier for pigs to digest. Of course, to make feed pellets, you need to choose the right pig feed pellet making machine.
Ingredients for making pig feed
For a Pig feed pellet machine to be able to make the feed pellets, there are various ingredients required and they include:
Cereals – Sources include sorghum, rice bran, millet, and corn;Proteins and fat – Sources include fishmeal, bone meal, rapeseed cake, soybean meal, and cottonseed cake;Additives – Including sweeteners, spices, vitamins, mineral elements, molasses, and fat.
Pig feed pellets manufacturing process
Raw materials crushing and mixing
Before granulating, the material need to be crushed. For material grinding, you can weigh the raw materials according to the formula and grind them in the feed hammer mill, or grind it separately and then mix it. Either way is fine, and you can choose depending on your situation. Mixing is the basic operation of the whole pig feed pellet production. Grated materials should be mixed evenly before granulation.
Pig feed pellets pressing
Pressing is the core process of pig feed pellets production. During this process, water, temperature and steam pressure have a great influence on the mass of the final pellets. If the moisture content of the raw material is higher than 8-10%, the hardness of the particles will increase. The optimum moisture content is 16-17%. Temperature requirements are not higher than 88% and can range from 82 to 88 depending on the state of formation of the pellets and the moisture content of the pellets. If the granulation temperature is low, the starch gelatinization is not sufficient and the granulation effect will be reduced. However, if the temperature is too high, the nutrients can be severely lost. Steam pressure is directly related to water content and granulation temperature. In general, a suitable steam pressure between 394 KPa and 490 KPa will produce a good granulation effect.
Pig feed pellets cooling and packing
Pig feed pellets become soft and hot after being processed by the feed pellet machine, so it is necessary to transfer them to the feed cooler to remove the heat and water contained in the pellets. After cooling, the pellets are dry and hard, and then can be transported to the packing machine and bagged for easy storage and transportation.
Choose a proper pig feed pellet machine
Aware of the importance of machines for producing pig feed pellets, it is important to purchase a suitable machine for you. There are many factors to consider. For example, some pellet machine can only handle dry materials, so it would be bad for you to include some moist materials in the preparation of pellets. In addition, the granulator must have a high quality die head and roll, because this can ensure high quality granulator.
Different Kinds of Pig Feed
Commercial pig feed is often expensive because each grain is filled with minerals the animal needs. Depending on the age of the pig, the amount of feed may vary. For the pig of different month age, should feed corresponding 450 grams feed every day. The maximum daily weight is 2.75 kg. In general, commercial feed can be divided into three categories. Creep feeds: Also called starter rations, these commercial feed are for weaners aged from 5 -15 weeks. Starter rations utilize various nutrient sources (carbohydrate, lactose) to aid the growth of your weaners (a crucial point in pig-life) while keeping the feed easily digestible. After that, they graduate into Growing Rations and finally the Finisher Rations.
Corn or soybean
Pigs need a lot of energy to keep moving – to trudge through the trough, get stuck in the mud and look cute. So farmers incorporate soy, corn or dried whey into their pigs’ diets. These are all sources of sugar and protein, especially lysine. Although be careful when feeding them to piglets as they do not absorb solid food very well.
As foragers and herders, pigs need a lot of lysine to stay healthy and strong. In the absence of soy, outdated milk is the next option. Uncurled milk is easier to digest by pigs. These lysine-rich liquids are also cheaper (and sometimes free) and more readily available than any commercial feed available.
Sweet potato vines
With proper preparation, silage can be produced – sweet corn germ or a nutrient mixture of pig farms and salt. This will not only promote the health of the pig, but also help you financially. Other supplements to their diet include beaten feed, cooked broccoli, barley meat, radishes, artichokes, raw carrots and fruits such as grapes, apples, pears, oranges, pitted cherries and melons!
Greens and Nuts
Pigs are fans of fresh food, and green vegetables like cabbage seem to be one of their favorites. Cabbage and other vegetables, such as carrots, when used in combination, provide a nutritious feed for pigs. They also like nuts, such as acorns, pecans and pecans, which are also high in protein.
Tips for Feeding Pigs
Pigs at different growth stages have different needs, so piglets use small particles and boars use large particles in terms of the size of the grain they are fed. In general, lactating pigs can use 3/32 inch particles, while 5/32 inch particles are best suited for growing and fattening pigs.